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Strict Standards: Non-static method User::checkUserForeverCookie() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/startup/user.php on line 4

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/request.php on line 91

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Config::get() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/startup/maintenance_mode_check.php on line 5

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Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php:131) in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/view.php on line 764
Domy energooszczędne, domy prefabrykowane - Multicomfort.pl
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DomPasywny :: budownictwo pasywne
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Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

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Budownictwo pasywne


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Idea domu pasywnego
Pierwszy standard budownictwa pasywnego zrealizował pod koniec lat 80. dr Wolfgang Feist wraz z zespołem specjalistów z niemieckiego Instytutu Mieszkalnictwa i Środowiska. Podstawowym założeniem tej idei jest maksymalizacja oszczędności energii poprzez minimalizację strat tej energii na takim poziomie, że niezależny system ogrzewania staje się zbędny.


Aby to uzyskać, należy ograniczyć zapotrzebowanie na energię cieplną do 15 kWh/m2 (w przeciągu całego sezonu grzewczego do ogrzania jednego metra kwadratowego mieszkania potrzeba 15 kWh, co odpowiada spaleniu 1,5 l oleju opałowego, bądź 1,7 m3 gazu, czy też 2,3 kg węgla). Straty ciepła są tak ograniczone, że do ich wyrównania wystarczają tzw. pasywne źródła energii: energia słoneczna przenikająca przez okna, ciepło wytwarzane przez mieszkańców czy będące ubocznym skutkiem działania urządzeń gospodarstwa domowego. Tylko w okresie mrozów stosuje się dodatkowe ogrzewanie uzupełniające.


Według norm niemieckich sprecyzowanych w renomowanym europejskim Instytucie Domów Pasywnych (Passivhaus Institut) w Darmstadt dom uznaje się za pasywny, gdy spełnione są jednocześnie wszystkie poniższe standardy:

•  wydajny system wentylacji z odzyskiem ciepła (ηWRG ≥ 75%, zgodnie z certy 
   fikatem Instytutu Budownictwa Pasywnego lub wartościami pomiarowymi DIBT      
   pomniejszonymi o 12%), przy niższym zużyciu prądu – poniżej 0,45 Wh/m3
   dostarczonej objętości powietrza)
•  potwierdzona testem ciśnieniowym doskonała szczelność budynku, wymiana
   powierza 50 Pa, różnica ciśnień mniejsza niż 0,6 h-1, zgodnie z normą DIN EN
   13829
•  izolacja cieplna: współczynnik przenikania ciepła U poniżej 0,15 W/(m2K),
   w przypadku wolnostojących domów jednorodzinnych poniżej 0,10 W/(m2K)
•  brak mostków termicznych w odniesieniu do wymiaru zewnętrznego
•  współczynnik Ug szyb poniżej 0,8 W/(m2K) zgodnie z normą DIN EN 673 przy   
   wysokim stopniu przenikalności energii słonecznej (g ≥ 50%, zgodnie z EN 410)
   tak, aby również w zimie możliwy był uzysk ciepła netto. Ramy okienne o
   współczynniku Uf poniżej 0,8 W/(m2K) zgodnie z normą DIN EN 10007-2
•  minimalne straty ciepła przy przygotowaniu i dystrybucji wody do celów
   gospodarczych
•  wydajne użytkowanie prądu elektrycznego  

 

 


Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/collection.php on line 424

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 121

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 213

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 213

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/controller.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method Area::getOrCreate() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/block.php on line 63

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::element() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/collection.php on line 424

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 435

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 213

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::controller() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 197

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 28

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/controller.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 218

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/block.php on line 511

Strict Standards: Non-static method File::getByID() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/blocks/content/controller.php on line 137

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/file.php on line 12

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/blocks/content/controller.php on line 139

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/file.php on line 454

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/file.php on line 454

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/file.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

 

Kluczowe czynniki

kluczowe_czynniki_pasek.jpg

 


Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 213

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::controller() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 197

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 28

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/controller.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 218

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/block.php on line 511

Kształt budynku – jedną z ważniejszych zasad projektowania budownictwa energooszczędnego i pasywnego to właściwie dobranie proporcji domu. więcej>>>

 

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/collection.php on line 424

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Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 121

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

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Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 131

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::getLibrary() should not be called statically in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 115

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Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/controller.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::element() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/collection.php on line 424

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/area.php on line 435

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 212

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 15

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getObject() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 213

Strict Standards: Non-static method PermissionsCache::getIdentifier() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/permissions.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method View::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/page.php on line 135

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::controller() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 197

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 28

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::helper() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/controller.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method Object::camelcase() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/loader.php on line 248

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::get() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/block_view.php on line 218

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method Cache::key() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/libraries/cache.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method Loader::db() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /buduj_pasywnie/concrete/models/block.php on line 511

Multicomfort.pl © 2011 - Domy energooszczędne, domy prefabrykowane


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